South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) is a province of Indonesia, located on the western southern peninsula of Sulawesi island. The province is bordered by Central Sulawesi province to the north, South East Sulawesi province to the east and West Sulawesi province to the west (West Sulawesi province was split from South Sulawesi in 2004). The capital of South Sulawesi is Makassar.
The scenic seacoasts, rugged mountains and verdant rice-growing plains of South Sulawesi have their own unique fascination. With few sites of historical or artistic importance, the charm of the region lies in well-kept town, and the extensive seacoasts where master shipbuilders construct massive wooden schooners, essentially Portuguese galleons, using only simple hand-tools and designs passed down by rote through the centuries.
The area around, holds several sites of interest, from a spectacular coral reef and blinding white beaches offshore, to colorful highland market towns and the evocative ruins of vanished kingdoms.
HOW TO GET THERE
South Sulawesi with the capital city is Makassar is the biggest city in Sulawesi Island, located in the heart of Indonesia, made Makassar most accessable city in Indonesia. This city is reachable by Air and by sea.
Sultan Hasanudin International aiport in Makassar – South Sulawesi is reachable by domestic flights such as :
- Lion air
- Batavia air
- Garuda Indonesia
- Wings Air
- Merpati Airline
INTERNATIONAL – Booking your ticket to Indonesia within destination to the cities such as : Jakarta – Denpasar then conect your flights journey by domestic flights to Makassar – South Sulawesi.
- Air asia
- Garuda Indonesia Airlines
- Silk Air
PLACES OF INTEREST
Makassar City – The major towns of South Sulawesi Province. Makassar ( Ujung Pandang) is a large, and crowded port city as the links between eastern and western Indonesia. Makassar offers an introduction to Sulawesi’s largest ethnic group, the Bugisnese , who continue to export their goods and presence well beyond Sulawesi in Pinisi. The city has a long and distinguished history as a crucial trading port and coastal defense.
Visits Makassar with Fort Rotterdam which is two museums inside the fort area keep historical remains of Gowa Kingdom, Paotere harbor is a traditional for Pinisi boat or any wooden boat are load and unload their goods, Museum Balla Lompa in Gowa, Losari Beach with beautifull sunset, and Diving or snorkeling at Samalona, Kodingkareng Keke, Kayangan island, Kapoposang Island.
Tanjung Bira – A village located 196 kms from Makassar on the east cape of South Sulawesi, beautifull white sandy beach is await you to do sunbath etc. Any diving spot and swimming is the activity during the staying, visit also boat builders and sailors. The best diving is around the islands, between the cape and the island of Selayar.
Tanah Beru – a village full with Pinisi boat builders. Most boats are of the type “Pinisi” within built in traditional way. Most of the materials are made of wooden . Many of Pinisi live -aboard cruise built in this area.
Tempe Lake – Is a one of the most beautiful lake in Indonesia, where you can see the Wajo people who spend their own life activities is on the water forever. Exotic sunset is enjoyable on the way back from visits the people. The lake, which is 13.000 hectare in width, seems like a giant washbasin when it is viewed from above. Subsistence for people living around, it is not only used by the inhabitants of Wajo Regency, but also other people in the other regency of Soppeng and Sidrap. Along the lakeside, you can observe the fishermen`s floating houses which were built in Bugis nuance, standing in a row directly face to the lake.
The Tempe lake is the largest wetland fishery area in the world. It is assumed that the lake is located on the meeting point of two continents. Therefore, many wetland fish species can be found there than the other places in Indonesia.
The Buginese ethnic group, known for their crossing to other islands as traders of silk, sarongs and other material, populates this area. Sengkang Regency located at South Sulawesi and become one of tourism destinations. The capital city of Sengkang Regency is Wajo in about 242 kms to the northeast of Makassar.
In the middle of the lake, the floating fisherman village stand in a row decorated with colorful flags and can be reached by Traditional boats about one hour from Tempe port. Above those, you can watch sunrise or sunset in the same position while enjoying various species of birds, fishes and water grasses. At night, it is the right time to angle for fishes while enjoying the beauty of moon lighting the lake.
Sengkang – well known and famous with Silk Weaving and therefore is the center of Buginese silk, a great amount of multi colored silk for clothing and sarong, are widely sold in many silk shops and studios in the regency. The capital city of Wajo regency is welcoming you to explore the area.
The boundaries area of Sengkang Regency is :
- North : Luwu and Sidrap.
- South : District Soppeng and Bone.
- East : Gulf of Bone.
- West : District Soppeng and Sidrap.
Toraja Land, is known for its unique culture and ancient traditions. The center of tourism is Rantepao, 328 km from Makassar by road (about 8 hours). The entry to Tana Toraja is marked by a gate built in traditional boat-shaped architecture. The road passes through the mountains of Kandora and Gandang on which, according to Toraja mythology, the first ancestors of celestial beings descended from heaven. The majority of the people still follows an ancestral cult called “Aluk Todolo” which governs all traditional ceremonies.
Torajan culture is a complex blend of ancestor worship and animistic beliefs where rituals for the dead are colorful festivals to pave the way for the soul’s entry into the hereafter. This unique culture, the scenic beauty, cool climate and gentle people are the main reason that Toraja is gaining popularity as a tourist destination.
The most spectacular of Torajan rituals are the funerals. For Torajan, a funeral is the single most important ceremony in the life cycle. It is based on a strong belief that the soul of the deceased travels to the land of the south and in this land of eternity, he will need all the requisites of everyday life in the hereafter just like when he was alive in this world. Various types of graves are located in Cliffside caves, mountain ledges or in special houses reserved for the dead. The graves in Tana Toraja are made in huge rocks because of their strength and relative safety from animals and thieves.
There are many beautiful places for tourism destination in Toraja such as :
Rantepao – This place is considering as the heart of Tana Toraja. Visit the colorfull Torajan Traditional Market “Pasar Bolu” where you can see locals selling animals for the funeral ceremony such as Buffalo, pig, chicken, also they sell a local spice, fruits etc. Nowadays Rantepao is became as a capital city of North Toraja Regency.
Kete’Kesu – Is located around 04 km southeast of Rantepao. One of the most popular tourists sights in the area. It is enchanting with its Tongkonan houses, rice barns and megaliths set among the rice fields. There is an aristocratic cliff burial site with hanging graves and tau-tau that located about a hundred meters at the rear of this village.
L o n d a – Is an natural grave stone site, there you can see some ancient bones, hanging coffins, some statues “Tau Tau” and one can also enter the cave. It is situated about 04 km south of Rantepao.
Lemo – located about 09 km to the south of Rantepao. This site is a cliff burial site of an ancient Torajan chieftain. Galleries of tau-tau guard the graves.
Batu Tumonga and Lo’ko’mata – Batu Tumonga is the most spectacular area situated on the slope of Sesean mountain, about 25 km from Rantepao . From this mountain you have an extraordinary panorama and overview of Rantepao Town. One can visit the stone grave of Lo’ko’mata, the coffee plantation and enjoy the walks trough the villages.
Sa’dan To’Barana’ – It’s a traditional plait center, located in the district of Sesean about 11 km north of the hotel. It has been known for a long time as an area of traditional weaving “ikat” in Toraja.
Bori’ Kalimbuang – Is located about 6 km north of Rantepao. There are some stone graves and rante (field of ceremony such as the ritual of death rambu solo’) where menhir (simbuang) is constructed.
Tampang Allo – Is located in the Sangalla’ district, about 23 km from the hotel. There is a natural cave with ancient wooden coffins and effigies.
Buntu Kalando – Is situated 24 km south part of Rantepao , in the Sangalla’ District. Here are the houses of Puang Sangalla (noble class) which is used as the government center in ancient times. There is a small museum of royal possessions belonging to the local noble class.
Mamasa – The valley is 1200 m up to the mountains above Polewali, the Mamasa region – formerly as Western Toraja, the other wonder of Toraja within the landscape of terraced hills with easy hiking to numerous traditional villages, with friendly of people. Four day hiking trail from Tanah Toraja or Mamasa. No luxurious hotel available in this town.
Kambira – Located about 28 Km from Rantepao, is a place where you can see the other unique life style of Torajan, which is the corpses buried in the trees. The grave is special for the baby who death before teething.