The island of Bali lies 3.2 km (2.0 mi) east of Java, and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali and Java are separated by the Bali Strait. East to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (70 mi) north to south; administratively it covers 5,780 km2 (2,230 sq mi), or 5,577 km2 (2,153 sq mi) without Nusa Penida District, its population density is roughly 750 people/km2 (1,900 people/sq mi).

Bali’s central mountains include several peaks over 2,000 metres (6,600 feet) in elevation and active volcanoes such as Mount Batur. The highest is Mount Agung (3,031 m, 9,944 ft), known as the “mother mountain”, which is an active volcano rated as one of the world’s most likely sites for a massive eruption within the next 100 years. In late 2017 Mount Agung started erupting and large numbers of people were evacuated, temporarily closing the island’s airport. Mountains range from centre to the eastern side, with Mount Agung the easternmost peak. Bali’s volcanic nature has contributed to its exceptional fertility and its tall mountain ranges provide the high rainfall that supports the highly productive agriculture sector. South of the mountains is a broad, steadily descending area where most of Bali’s large rice crop is grown. The northern side of the mountains slopes more steeply to the sea and is the main coffee-producing area of the island, along with rice, vegetables and cattle. The longest river, Ayung River, flows approximately 75 km (47 mi) (see List of rivers of Bali).

The island is surrounded by coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand. Bali has no major waterways, although the Ho River is navigable by small sampan boats. Black sand beaches between Pasut and Klatingdukuh are being developed for tourism, but apart from the seaside temple of Tanah Lot, they are not yet used for significant tourism.

The largest city is the provincial capital, Denpasar, near the southern coast. Its population is around 491,500 (2002). Bali’s second-largest city is the old colonial capital, Singaraja, which is located on the north coast and is home to around 100,000 people. Other important cities include the beach resort, Kuta, which is practically part of Denpasar’s urban area, and Ubud, situated at the north of Denpasar, is the island’s cultural centre.

Three small islands lie to the immediate south east and all are administratively part of the Klungkung regency of Bali: Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. These islands are separated from Bali by the Badung Strait.

To the east, the Lombok Strait separates Bali from Lombok and marks the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozoneand the distinctly different fauna of Australasia. The transition is known as the Wallace Line, named after Alfred Russel Wallace, who first proposed a transition zone between these two major biomes. When sea levels dropped during the Pleistocene ice age, Bali was connected to Java and Sumatraand to the mainland of Asia and shared the Asian fauna, but the deep water of the Lombok Strait continued to keep Lombok Island and the Lesser Sunda archipelago isolated.

Being just 8 degrees south of the equator, Bali has a fairly even climate all year round. Average year-round temperature stands at around 30 °C (86 °F) with a humidity level of about 85%.

Day time temperatures at low elevations vary between 20 to 33 °C (68 to 91 °F), but the temperatures decrease significantly with increasing elevation.

The west monsoon is in place from approximately October to April, and this can bring significant rain, particularly from December to March. During rainy season there are comparatively fewer tourists seen in Bali. During the Easter and Christmas holidays the weather is very unpredictable. Outside of the monsoon period, humidity is relatively low and any rain is unlikely in lowland areas.

The province is divided into eight regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota). These are:

Name Capital Area in
2000 Census
2010 Census
2014 estimate
2014 estimate
Totals 5,780.06 3,146,999 3,890,757 4,225,384 0.724 (High)
Tabanan Regency Tabanan 839.30 376,030 420,913 457,114 0.726 (High)
Klungkung Regency Semarapura 315.00 155,262 170,543 185,211 0.683 (Medium)
Karangasem Regency Amlapura 839.54 360,486 396,487 430,587 0.640 (Medium)
Jembrana Regency Negara 841.80 231,806 261,638 284,140 0.686 (Medium)
Gianyar Regency Gianyar 368.00 393,155 469,777 510,180 0.742 (High)
Denpasar City Denpasar 127.78 532,440 788,589 856,412 0.816 (Very High)
Buleleng Regency Singaraja 1,364.73 558,181 624,125 677,803 0.691 (Medium)
Bangli Regency Bangli 490.71 193,776 215,353 233,875 0.657 (Medium)
Badung Regency Mangupura 418.52 345,863 543,332 590,062 0.779 (High)

JOenJO Tour destination specialist : 


Denpasar city is also known as Kota Denpasar, the capital city of Bali, Indonesia. The name of Denpasar is coming from the Balinese word “den” which means the north and “pasar” means the market. This name was taken because it’s located just in the north of Kumbasari market.

Denpasar has the various attraction for a holiday. The white sandy beaches are well-known all over the island. Denpasar City (Kota) | The Capital Of Bali Sanur beach has calmer waters and is excellent for sunbathing and other water sports activities. And also in the center of Denpasar city has several tourist attractions and places of interest such as Bali Museum, Bajra Sandhi Monument (Renon), Puputan Badung Monument and Denpasar square, Taman Budaya Ardha Chandra (Bali Art Centre).

Ten minutes from the Ngurah Rai International Airport lies the town of Kuta. Kuta is where the most of the accommodation such as hotels, restaurants, malls, cafes, marketplaces, shopping center and spas that cater to tourists are located. In the Denpasar area, all kinds of Balinese handicrafts are represented in local shops. These include artwork, pottery, textiles, and silver.

Gianyar – Bali, Indonesia. The history of Gianyar Regency Bali which is popular for the art, culture, tourism, and also its tourist attractions. Gianyar is a regency in Bali Province of the Republic of Indonesia, Gianyar regency is also known as the art center on the island of Bali. Apart from that, Gianyar Regency also has many interesting tourist attractions to visit for those who are on holiday in Bali island. Gianyar regency is located approximately 33.2 km or 1 hour from Denpasar city. Gianyar Regency area lies from North to South. Average land conditions are not so high above sea level. The Southern part of the Gianyar Regency is 30% of the land, while the northern region is an area of ​​undulating. The land that reaches a height of 750 meters above sea level is not so wide, that is only 2,463.5 ha compared to the total land area. 

Below are the popular tourist attractions in Gianyar regency, Bali. Some of the places are archaeological sites, sacred places (temples), zoos, rice terrace, museums, etc.

  • Goa Gajah Temple (Elephant Cave Temple), Ubud Monkey Forest Sanctuary, Tirta Empul Temple (Holy Spring Water Temple), Penataran sasih Temple, Tegalalang Rice Terraces, Gunung Kawi Temple, Gunung Kawi Sebatu Water Temple, Puseh Desa Batuan Temple, Bali Zoo Park, Bali Safari & Marine Park, Bali Bird Park, Bali Elephant Park, Taman Nusa | Indonesian Cultural Park, Kemenuh Butterfly Park, Gedong Arca Museum, Tegenungan Waterfall, Kanto Lampo Waterfall, Candi Tebing Tegallinggah archaeological sites, Beji Guwang Sukawati (Hidden Canyon), Lebih Beach, Campuhan Ridge Walk, Ubud

Tabanan – About Tabanan Regency and best tourist attractions in Tabanan Bali Indonesia which are popular among travelers as the must-visit travel destinations. Tabanan regency (Kabupaten Tabanan) is one of the regencies in the province of Bali, Indonesia. It’s located in the southern part of Bali island, approximately 35 km west of Denpasar city, Area of Tabanan regency is 839.33 km² (14.90% of the island of Bali).

Tabanan is one of the most popular tourist destination in Bali, There are many places of interest that can be visited in Tabanan, and also there are many hotels, restaurants, villas and other accommodation that fit perfectly used as a family holiday or just simply as a refreshing place. Below are some of the best tourist destinations in Tabanan regency.

  • Bedugul, Lake Bratan / Beratan Lake (good place for fishing and water sports activities), Ulun Danu Temple, Bedugul Botanical Garden, Bedugul fruits and vegetables market, Alas Kedaton Temple, Alas Kedaton Monkey Forest, Subak Museum (The museum of Bali water irrigation system called Subak), Tanah Lot Temple, Bali Butterfly Park, Jatiluwih Rice Terraces, Tabanan Hot Spring Water, Batukaru Temple, Balian Beach: Bali Surf Spots in West Bali Indonesia

Klungkung – Bali’s smallest district Klungkung is located between Gianyar and Karangasem, and includes the island of Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Ceningan. Klungkung itself is a bustling town. Based on the decree of the Governor of Bali Province on 1993 number 528, Nusa Penida in one of with also fixed as a tourist resort in Bali. Apart from being the smallest regency in Bali, Klungkung is famous for lots of other stuff like its beaches, water sports, nightlife, and other historic places. There are dozens of places to visit in Klungkung regency Bali with family. Beaches are the first things that come to one’s mind if while talking about Klungkung Regency. There are dozens of beaches that are there in Klungkung. Devils Tear Nusa Lembongan, Nusa Cengigan, Broken Beach are some of the most the best beaches that you can visit. These beaches offer a wide variety of water sports that you can enjoy with your family, like Cliff jumping, Parasailing, banana boat ride, Jet Ski, snorkeling, scuba diving, surfing, Fly board and lot more than that.

Karangasem – regency in eastern Bali has been receiving much attention since Mount Agung first erupted in late November 2017 and continues to erupt into 2018. Aside from the volcano, the regency is home to many tourist attractions, from its beaches to its culture and history. Below are five of the must-visit places in the regency, as compiled by : Lempuyang Luhur Temple, Bukit Asah, Tirta Gangga, Bukit Putung, Tenganan village