MAKASSAR CITY - SOUTH SULAWESI
MAKASSAR CITY - formerly called Ujung Pandang is the capital city of South Sulawesi province, Indonesia, and the largest city in Sulawesi Island and eastern Indonesia. Since 1971 to 1999, this city was formally named Ujung Pandang and after a precolonial fort in the city, and the two names are often used interchangeably. Makassar has become the primary port and airline hub of the eastern archipelago, the thousands of remote islands being developed and incorporated into the mainstream of Indonesian society and economy.
At the 16th-century, Gowa Empire was based here until the Dutch weighed in. Three centuries later, in the 1950s, the Makassarese and Buginese revolted unsuccessfully against the central government. Loud, independent-minded, intense and proud, Makassar certainly leaves an impression.
The Bugis people originate from this region, and are in some areas just known as "sea gypsies". The Bugis are famous boat builders and sailors, and they have in ancient times probably gone as far as Madagascar and north Australia to trade their goods. Later on they also settled in other coastal areas of Indonesia, in particular on Sumatra and Riau. The old Paotere harbor are well worth a visit, the traditional Bugis sail ships called "Perahu" arrive and depart with goods to and from other Indonesian islands.
Makassar also know as gateway to Eastern part of Indonesia and entry point to an adventurous tour to Tanjung Bira, Selayar, Tana Toraja highlands and others tourist destination at South Sulawesi. Nowadays Makassar is a bustling city with inhabitants from all over the archipelago, ethnic and most dominant language is Makassar and Bugis, at the last census people also spoke Javanese, Sundanese, Batak, Minangkabau and Banjarese. Tens of thousands were put in the last language group 'remaining languages', which concludes most of the innumerable languages in eastern Indonesia. People from this region come to Makassar to trade, to study, to buy provisions or just to escape the limitations of the village life.
One of the potential sector at Makassar is from tourism, tourism sector at Makassar is growing very rapidly, as evidenced by the large number of hotels were built and the tourist supporting facilities such as airport, tourism object, terminal ships and many more. Shopping mall also is growing around Makassar such as Trans Studio Makassar the largest indoor theme park at Indonesia, Karebosi Link the first underground shopping center at Indonesia and many others shopping mall.
Makassar is not only offer for Culture, Heritage, Religious and Landscape tour, but also available island tour with white sand beaches such as Samalona Island, Kodingareng Keke and other islands that is ideal for swim, sunbathing, snorkeling or diving. Makassar also offer culinary tour with various taste, there are many delicious meals can be found around Makassar ranging from traditional foods to seafood, the most famous of traditional food is Coto Makassar. It is a stew made from the mixture of nuts, spices and selection of offal which may include beef brain, tongue and intestine. Konro rib dish is also popular traditional food in Makassar. Both Coto Makassar and Konro are usually eaten with Burasa or Ketupat, a glutinous rice cake. in addition, Makassar is the home of Pisang Epe (pressed banana), as well as Pisang Ijo (green banana). Pisang Epe is a banana which is pressed, grilled, and covered with palm sugar sauce and sometimes eaten with Durian. Many street vendors sell Pisang Epe, especially around the area of Losari beach. Pisang Ijo is a banana covered with green colored flours, coconut milk, and syrup.