Flores, one of the Lesser Sunda Islands in Nusa Tenggara Timur (East Nusa Tenggara) provinsi (province), Indonesia. The last major island in the chain, which extends eastward from Java, it is long and narrow, 5,500 square miles (14,250 square km) in area, and has numerous inlets and bays. The island’s name is derived from the Portuguese designation for the island’s eastern Cape Kopondai—Cabo de Flores (“Cape of Flowers”)—named for the flamboyants (Poinciana regia) found in profusion there. Flores is largely mountainous, especially in the west, where Mandasawu Peak reaches 7,900 feet (2,400 metres). Several active volcanoes are in the centre and east. Near Ende, historically the main city and once a mission centre, is Mount Kelimutu, the “mountain of the three coloured lakes.” In May 1974 a volcanic eruption on nearby Mount Iya caused one of the lakes—the blue-white one—to change to a reddish colour, similar to the other two. The island’s interior has been little explored. The rivers are unnavigable. Most of the vegetation consists of either tropical deciduous forest or savanna, and the western end was formerly a haunt of a giant lizard.

The indigenous people are mainly of mixed Malay-Papuan ancestry, more Malay in the west, more Papuan elsewhere, making the island a transitional area. Coastal settlers reflect immigration from many areas: there are Bimanese, Sumbanese, Sumbawanese, Buginese, Makasarese, Solorese, Minangkabau, and Javanese-Chinese at different sites on the coast of Flores. Although there are Muslims, primarily in coastal areas around Manggarai and Ende, and Christians, descendants of people converted by the Portuguese in the 16th century, the majority of the population still practice traditional animist religions. In the west, houses are built on terraces, often on piles; neat and regular in arrangement and surrounded by a bamboo hedge, they are divided into separate rooms for different families, with a sleeping passage for unmarried men and strangers. In the east, houses are smaller and inhabited by only one family, while in Ende they are square, roomy, and well built. Land generally is owned communally by the tribe, and the headman has great power.

The Capital City

Labuan Bajo is the capital of the district of Manggarai Barat (West Manggarai) and is located at the westernmost tip of the island. Its 3000 residents mostly make their living on the water. This is reflected by the busy bay fully laden with spider-like trimarans, canoes of different sizes, sailing vessels, and motorized boats.

Labuan Bajo is a launching point to explore the island’s interior and visit the giant dragons on Komodo and Rinca Island. In recent years, Labuan Bajo gradually turned into a busy spot because of the divers and the increased number of Komodo visitors. Today, this town offers a wide range of tourist facilities.

Labuan Bajo’s most significant features are probably its magnificent ramshackle harbor dotted with small islands and its hard-to-beat colorful sunsets. It is almost a must-do for visitors to hike to one of the surrounding hills or mountains to enjoy a perfect panoramic view over the harbor and the innumerable coastal islets with their strips of white-sand beaches.


In Labuan Bajo you will find plenty of comprehensive tourist facilities, e.g. restaurants, stores, ATMs and banks, money changers, and pharmacies. The numerous dive operators and travel agencies are happy to help you in planning your dive trip or your journey to Komodo National Park and the island’s interior. Furthermore, there is a wide range of accommodation, starting from simple guesthouses  to star-rated hotels along the beachfront.

Where to go ?

The places below is a tourism spot in Flores where you can explore according to your quotes and needs also your length of stay in Indonesia.

Manggarai Barat

  • Komodo National Park
  • Labuan Bajo
  • Islands Around Labuan Bajo
  • Cunca Rami Waterfall
  • Mount Mbeliling
  • Sano Nggoang Crater Lake
  • Komodo, Rinca And Padar Island
  • Tado Village
  • Cunca Wulang Canyon
  • Batu Cermin Limestone Cave
  • Melo
  • Warloka

Manggarai :

  • Golo Curu
  • Ruteng
  • Ruteng Pu’u
  • Tengkulese Waterfall
  • Wae Rebo Village
  • The Hobbit Liang Bua
  • Todo Village
  • Cancar Spider Rice Fields

Manggarai Timur

  • Ranamese Lake
  • Cepi Watu Beach
  • Mbalata Beach
  • Poco Ndeki


  • Bajawa
  • Bena Village
  • Mangeruda Hot Spring
  • Malanage Hot Spring
  • Riung 17 Islands
  • Belaraghi Village
  • Wogo Village
  • Tololela
  • Gurusina Village
  • Mount Inerie And Wawomudha Crater Lake
  • Bajawa Coffee


  • Mount Ebulobo
  • Nangadhawe Salt Processing
  • Rii Taa Isle
  • Sutami Irrigation Dam
  • Puta Hot Springs
  • Japanese Caves In Mbay
  • Wajo Village
  • Tonggo Beach
  • Tutubhada Village


  • Tiwu Sora
  • Kelimutu National Park
  • Wolosoko Cocoa Plantation
  • Tiwu Bowu
  • Ndona
  • Wolotopo
  • Wolowaru
  • Mbuliwaralau Beach
  • Wologai Village
  • Saga Village
  • Pemo And Woloara
  • Soekarno Museum
  • Mount Iya
  • Blue Stone Beach
  • Ikat Market


  • Maumere
  • Beaches And Villages Around Maumere
  • Murusobe Twin Waterfalls
  • Watublapi Ikat Weaving
  • Geliting Market
  • Pemana Islands
  • Nele Village
  • Mount Egon
  • Liwu Legur Waterfall
  • Wair Nokerua
  • Sikka Natar
  • The Blikon Blewut Museum In Maumere

Flores Timur

  • Semana Santa
  • Larantuka
  • Lewokluok
  • Leworahang

Outer Islands

  • Solor And Adonara